Everyone who terrifies you is sixty-five percent water.
And everyone you love is made of stardust, and I know sometimes
you cannot even breathe deeply, and
the night sky is no home, and
you have cried yourself to sleep enough times
that you are down to your last two percent, but
nothing is infinite,
not even loss.
You are made of the sea and the stars, and one day
you are going to find yourself again.
1. Where did Ancient Greek civilization begin?
On the Mediterranean island of Crete.
2. Describe the landscape of Greece.
3. What were Linear A and Linear B?
Clay tablets bearing different scripts, discovered at Knossos.
4. How was Minoan civilization destroyed?
Achaean invaders enter the Greek mainland, seized Mycenae in the Peloponnese.
5. How did Mycenaean’s gain their wealth?
Trade & piracy.
6. Who was Homer?
A poet, who wove many songs together, forming 2 great epics: Iliad & Odyssey.
7. Who was the most famous Mycenaean king?
8. Why was 1100BC - 800BC called the ‘Dark Ages’?
We know so little about these years, of when Greece entered a bleak period.
9. What is a ‘polis’?
Community of people.
10. Describe the need for colonization.
The Greeks needed additional land to grow more food and needed to resettle some of the people from the overcrowded city-states.
11. What were important developments during this period of colonization?
Creating colonies that were self sufficient, bound to the parent city only by trade.
12. What happened to Athens during the age of Classical Greece?
Athens became a prosperous commercial city and great cultural centre.
13. How did Sparta develop differently from Athens?
Sparta : First polis to keep a standing army of professional soldiers and became a highly militaristic state. *Ruled by a small group of powerful aristocrats.
Athens : Democratic
14. Describe the tensions between Athens and Sparta?
When Athens tried to expand its empire to central Greece, threatening Sparta’s power base, the tension increased, greatly.
15. Who were involved in the Peloponnesian War?
States within the Delian League + Sparta - Athens
16. How did Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?
A terrible plague struck the city in 430BCE, killing 1/3 of the population, including the general himself, who devised a plan to defend Athens by using his forces to guard the calls surrounding the city. * Flaw : Too many people lived in confined quarters.
17. What did Sparta do to Athens after they won?
Blockaded Athens, preventing essential grain supply from reaching the city. Starvation brought an end to the fighting.
18. What was a ‘phalanx’?
Densely packed lines of foot soldiers armed wit long lances created a formidable obstacle, even to armed cavalry.
19. Who was ‘Alexander the Great’?
Son of Phillip II, was proclaimed King after the assassination of his father.
20. What were the great accomplishments in science in philosophical Hellenistic Age?
21. What happened after Alexander’s death?
22. Describe the government in Athens and Sparta (compare and contrast).
Athens : King was elected by a council of elders.
Leaders considered as : chief priest, judge, and general, never as god.
Sparta : A strong military state dominated all their other concurs.
23. Who served in the juries of Athens? How did they come to decide?
A Greek jury varied in size from 201 - 1501. Selected from 6000 Athenian citizens chosen evert year for jury duty; paid a small fee for their trouble.
24. Describe the religion of Ancient Greeks.
25. What was their view of the afterlife?
26. How did the social structure of Sparta and Athens compare?
Athens : Citizens , Upper Class , Middle Class , Merchants , Artisans & Craftspeople , Farmers > Wives & Children of citizens > Resident Foreigners (Metics) > Slaves
Sparta : Spartiates > Wives & Children of citizens > Resident Foreigners > Helots
27. Describe the education system in Athens and Sparta.
Athens : More accessible to sons of the wealthy.
Sparta : The ideal education system, would produce highly disciplined soldiers, beginning at an early age, new borns were carefully inspected for physical weakness or mental disabilities and ridded of.
28. Describe the roll of women in Athens and Sparta.
Athens : Once married, any possessions she had were her husbands, if he died reverted to the charge of her father or brother. If a marriage broke down; husband can renounce, wife could not. Women had few rights.
Sparta : Could own property, take part in athletics, received almost as rigorous training as the boys, endured cold and hardship to develop strength and endurance to become the mothers of great warriors.
29. What types of things did Ancient Greeks eat?
30. How would you describe the Ancient Greek economy?
MOMO. STAHP FORCIN ME 2 DO WOORK………….
…………. ITS MY JOB! I WOULDN’T HAVE TO IF YOU JUST DID IT >_>